In simple terms, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain.

What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain.

Brain injury is an insult to the brain by a direct blow to the skull via an “open” or “closed” head injury. There are several types of brain injury:

  1. An open head injury occurs when an object, such as a hammer, has actually penetrated the skull and caused bleeding and damage to the brain tissue.
  2. A closed head injury occurs when damage is caused by the collision of the head with another object, such as a pavement without cracking the skull
  3. Diffuse brain injury is when the brain is shaken within the skull causing nerve fibres to stretch and connections in the brain to break
  4. Brain contusion is swollen brain tissue and can be caused by the fragments of the broken skull pressing against the brain.
  5. Brain concussion is the least severe and most common.

The severity of a brain injury is generally classified as mild/moderate/severe and the severity is measured by reference to the Glasgow Coma Scale and/or the period of Post –Traumatic Amnesia and analysis of any CT/MRI scan of the brain.

For more information contact our specialist personal injury lawyers on 01908 692769.

We are Members of the Law Society’s Personal Injury Panel, the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers and the Brain Injury Group.


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